Glossary

Abiogenesis or biopoiesis is the natural process of life arising from non-living matter such as simple organic compounds. Hypotheses about abiogenesis can be divided into three main stages: the geophysical, the chemical, and the biological.

Biblical inerrancy is the doctrine that the Bible “is without error or fault in all its teaching”; or, at least, that “Scripture in the original manuscripts does not affirm anything that is contrary to fact”.Some equate inerrancy with infallibility; others do not. Biblical inerrancy should not be confused with Biblical literalism.

Biblical literalism is a term used differently by different authors concerning biblical interpretation. It can equate to the dictionary definition of literalism: “adherence to the exact letter or the literal sense”, where literal means “in accordance with, involving, or being the primary or strict meaning of the word or words; not figurative or metaphorical”. This approach often obscures the literary aspects and consequently the primary meaning of the text.  Alternatively, the term can refer to the historical-grammatical method, a hermeneutic technique that strives to uncover the meaning of the text by taking into account not just the grammatical words, but also the syntactical aspects, the cultural and historical background, and the literary genre

Epistemology  is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge and is also referred to as “theory of knowledge”. Put concisely, it is the study of knowledge and justified belief. It questions what knowledge is and how it can be acquired, and the extent to which knowledge pertinent to any given subject or entity can be acquired.

Exegesis in a theological sense is used to denote an approach to interpreting Bible passages utilizing critical analysis. It is the thorough investigation of Biblical text, within their various contexts, to discover their original meaning. The word itself comes from a Greek word delineating ‘to lead out of.’

Geocentric: In astronomy, the Geocentric Model (also known as geocentrism, or the Ptolemaic system) is a description of the cosmos where Earth is at the orbital center of all celestial bodies. This model served as the predominant cosmological system in many ancient civilizations such as ancient Greece including the noteworthy systems of Aristotle and Ptolemy. As such, they assumed that the Sun, Moon, stars, and naked eye planets circled Earth.

Heliocentrism: is the astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun at the center of the Solar System.

Hermeneutically of or relating to the interpretation of Scripture

Metaphorically: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in “a sea of troubles”

Multiverse: the idea of a multiverse composed of a near infinite number of universes, each with its own particular set of laws of physics. If this is granted, then even those highly improbable universes capable of sustaining life will occur.

Panspermia is the hypothesis that life exists throughout the Universe, distributed by meteoroids, asteroids, comets,  Self-replicating spacecraft  in the form of unintended contamination by microorganisms.[  Panspermia is a hypothesis proposing that microscopic life forms that can survive the effects of space, such as extremophiles, become trapped in debris that is ejected into space after collisions between planets and small Solar System bodies that harbor life.  If met with ideal conditions on a new planet’s surfaces, the organisms become active and the process of evolution begins. Panspermia is not meant to address how life began, just the method that may cause its distribution in the Universe

Phenomenological : the study of the development of human consciousness and self-awareness as a preface to or a part of philosophy

The second law of thermodynamics states that in a natural thermodynamic process, there is an increase in the sum of the entropies of the participating systems.  The second law is an empirical finding that has been accepted as an axiom of thermodynamic theory.  The law defines the concept of thermodynamic entropy for a thermodynamic system in its own state of internal thermodynamic equilibrium. It considers a process in which that state changes, with increases in entropy due to dissipation of energy and to dispersal of matter and energy.

Scientism:  Perhaps the greatest leap of blind, uncritical and unquestioning faith that we can see among well-educated people today is something called scientism. Scientism is the belief that science is the best and only trustworthy method to discover truth. Supernatural explanations are a priori ruled out. The result is atheism dressed up as science.

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